Center for Operation of Space Ground-Based Infrastructure

Center for Operation of Space
Ground-Based Infrastructure

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Launch Services

ILV «Zenit-3SLBF» with US «Fregat-SB»
Works of Landfill Type and Deliveries

Technical Maintenance (the works with the objects of infrastructure)
Services for Space Activity
Deliveries of Space Facilities
Deliveries of Propellant Components
The insurance of space risks

- design and production of SRT
- transportation of SRT
- pre-launching procedure
- launch and injection of SV into orbit
- flight testing and operation of SC into orbit
Third Party insurance

The Launch Vehicles
The Upper Stage Booster

Luch-5A and AMOS-5 spacecrafts launch

December 11, 2011 from Launch Complex 81 area Baikonur launched launch vehicle (ILV) Proton-M with the upper block (RB) Briz-M and a cluster of spacecraft (SC) Luch-5A and Amos -5.

At 15.26 GMT the staff was off the rocket motor third-stage separation and the head unit, which included RB Breeze-M spacecraft Luch-5A and Amos-5. With the cruise propulsion system head unit is displayed on the reference orbit.

Luch-5A is an element of the Luch multi-purpose data relay system developed for the Russian space agency, Roscosmos, under the nation’s Federal Space Program.

The new relay satellite is designed and manufactured by Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems Co. in collaboration with the Russian space industry and foreign partners.

Luch-5A will retransmit data from low-flying spacecraft in altitudes of 2,000 kilometers above Earth’s surface or lower, including the International Space Station and primarily the lab’s Russian segment, as well as other space objects such as launch vehicles and upper stages.

Weighing approximately 950 kilograms, Luch-5A is built on Reshetnev’s Express-1000N unpressurized platform.

The satellite’s two 4.2 meter umbrella-shaped antennas are comprised of composite spikes covered with gold-plated flywire and fitted with precision tracking electromechanical actuators.

Luch-5A Specifications

Data relay
Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)
Prime Contractor
Reshetnev ISS Co.
Subsatellite Points
16° W, 95° E, 167° E
Launch Mass
950 kg
Design Lifetime
10 years
Earth Orientation Accuracy ±0,2°
Station Keeping ±0,2° Longitude, ±5° Latitude
Power 1500 W
Number of Transponders 7
Relay Bands Ku, S, L, P
high-gain, steerable and omnidirectional
EIRP 23–59.6 dBW


AMOS-5 is a telecommunications satellite built by Russia’s Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems Co. for Space Communication Ltd., an Israeli satellite operator. The spacecraft will establish a new orbital position for Spacecom at 17° East, providing a full range of satellite services over Africa. Together with AMOS-2 and AMOS-3, co-located at the 4° West orbital hot spot, and AMOS-4 scheduled for launch in 2012 to serve Asia and Russia, AMOS-5 will enhance Spacecom’s satellite coverage over the Middle East and Europe, while adding the emerging African markets to its service portfolio.

The new satellite will support pan-African coverage, featuring a highpower C-band beam and three regional Ku-band beams. With multiple powerful transponders and an excellent vantage point, AMOS-5 will offer a variety of satellite communications services, including VSAT communications and broadband Internet, telephony, data trunking, direct-to-home broadcasting and video distribution.

Based on Reshetnev’s Express-1000N medium class platform, the AMOS-5 satellite will carry 18 C-Band and 18 Ku-Band transponders. The spacecraft will generate 5.6 kW of payload power during its 15-year service life. AMOS-5’s communications payload and antennas are supplied by Reshetnev’s long term partner Thales Alenia Space.

AMOS-5 Specifications

Orbital Location
17° East
Operator Spacecom Ltd.
Prime Contractor
Reshetnev ISS Co.
Launch Mass
about 1,600 kg
Mission Life
15 years
Bands C, Ku
Number of C-band Transponders 14x72 MHz, 4x36 MHz
Number of Ku-band Transponders
18x72 MHz
С-Band pan-African beam with access to Europe and the Middle East
Ku-Band 3 shaped African beams, with access to Europe and the Middle East
Power 5,6 kW

The modernized Proton-M Launch Vehicle (LV) of heavy class with high power and performance is intended to launch of different payloads into near-Earth orbits and trajectories of fly away.

External dimensions of rocket (with the exception of nose fairing), weight characteristics of design, characteristics of engines of modernized rocket remained virtually the same as that of Proton-K Launch Vehicle. Modernization (replacement) was subjected to control system. This replacement is possible to improve both energy and operational and environmental characteristics of new vehicle (reduction of not produced residues of components of rocket fuel in tanks of spent stages along with introduction of emission balances at safe altitudes).

Proton-M Launch Vehicle has tandem design and layout scheme with transverse dividing stages.

The family of Launch Vehicle: Proton
LV Index: 8K82M
Class: Heavy
Type: disposables
Developer: Salyut Design Bureau
Produced by: Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center
Number of stages: 4
Length: 42 340 mm
Diameter: 7400 mm
Launch mass: 700000 kg

Design and Layout Scheme of Proton-M Launch Vehicle

1 - nose fairing;
2 - payload;
3 - upper stage;
4 - oxidizer tank of the third stage;
5, 9, 15 - airframe spine fairing;
6 - fuel tank of the third stage;
7 - engine system of the third stage;
8 - transitional compartment;
10 - oxidizer tank of the second stage;
11 - tunnel pipe of oxidizer’s consumable pipeline;
12 - fuel tank of the second stage;
13 - engine system of the second stage;
14 - farm transition;
16 - power cone of fuel tank of the first stage;
17 - oxidizer tank of the first stage;
18 - sensor of GSS;
19 - fuel tank of the first stage;
20 - lower damping wall of fuel tank of the first stage;
21 - rear compartment of side block;
22 - engine system of the first stage.

To further improve heavy rocket capabilities for delivering payloads into a wide variety of target orbits, the Khrunichev Space Center has developed, tested and commissioned the Breeze-M upper stage.

The Breeze-M upper stage was flight tested in 1999 and proved a reliable and highly accurate system. The Breeze-M upper stage enables to deliver heavier payloads – up to 3.2 tons – to geostationary orbits.

The compact design of the upper stage includes a core section
surrounded by a toroidal auxiliary section of propellant tanks which is jettisoned in flight following depletion. The Breeze-M upper stage also includes a lower adapter that connects the stage with the payload fairing and the launch vehicle and is released in flight together with the third stage booster.

Major Breeze-M systems are:

• propulsion (with a hydraulic engine swing system);
• control;
• thermal conditioning;
• onboard measurement.

The 14D30 liquid propellant sustainer engine is mounted in a recess provided in the fuel tank of the core section. The engine can relight many times during flight. Low thrust liquid propellant engines use the same propellant as the main engine. These engines also control orientation and stabilization during unpowered flight and serve to settle the propellant in tanks as required for restarting the sustainer engine.

Installed in the equipment bay on top of the core section, the inertial control system is intended to control the Breeze-M and its on-board systems during flight. The Breeze-M upper stage accommodates the power supply system and avionics used for telemetry data reception and trajectory measurements.

Breeze-M upper stage based on structural materials with enhanced strength and mass characteristics, resulting from the Proton/Breeze-M third modification that includes:

• a lightweight power supply of 300 Ah;
• a lightweight power distribution unit;
• high-pressure tanks fueled alternately.

Breez-M design-layout drawing

1 - central unit;
2 - drop block additional tanks;
3 - tank oxidizer N2O4 (AT);
4 - UDMH fuel tank;
5 - tank of liquid helium;
6 - 14D30 rocket engine boosters;
7 - block thrusters



The launch complex is designed for preparation of lift off and fulfillment launches of Proton-K and Proton-M rocket with the various space head parts.

Launch complex (LC) consists of two launch pads, integrated communications network, and common, for both sites, complex structures that provide each of these compressed gases, water, electricity, refrigerants for thermostatic control of fuel components and spacecraft. Technological equipment of the launch complex provides the delivery of launch vehicle (LV) with space head part (SHP) from the technical to the launch site, setting it on the starting device (SD), implementation of electric tests for LV and SHP, fueling launch vehicle and upper stage with propellant components and compressed gases, a set of readiness for LV engine installation and start of LV with SHP.

Building the launch complex provides sufficient autonomy for each launch pad.

Aggregates and systems of launch complex, all the processes of preparation for lift off and start of launch vehicle created in view of maximum safety of personnel and high environmental during operation.

The composition of technological equipment of the launch complex consists of the following systems and tools:

  • transport mounting equipment and starting equipment;
  • maintenance facilities of launch vehicle and space head part;
  • refueling facilities;
  • automated control system of technological ground equipment (GE);
  • means of thermostatic control;
  • means for neutralizing of vapors and spills of rocket fuel components (RFC);
  • system for measurements;
  • gas control systems;
  • systems of fire protection technology;
  • ground electric supply system of special currents;
  • technical systems.

The basic structure of the launch complex (LC):

  • launching facilities;
  • command posts;
  • storage of propellant components and compressed gases;
  • thermostatic control construction;
  • construction for neutralization of vapors and spills of RFC;
  • construction of power supply system;
  • station of fire extinguishing system;
  • gas station.

Customers Launch

Federal Space Agency

The Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) is a governmental organization which manages space exploration activities for the national economy, science and engineering and implements the Russian Space Program.

Participants Launch

Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems Co.

Reshetnev ISS owns technologies of a full development cycle from satellite design to satellite control in all types of orbits, from low circular to geostationary.

Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center

Khrunichev has also built Proton launch vehicle, Salyut and Almaz manned orbital stations and all modules for the Mir orbital space system, as well as the modules integrated in the ISS – Zarya and Zvezda,

Center for Operation of Space Ground-Based Infrastructure

Center for operation of space ground-based infrastructure («TsENKI») was established in 1994 to improve and develop Russia’s space infrastructure.

Glushko Research and Production Association for Power Engineering

The Glushko Research and Production Association for Power Engineering (NPO Energomash) is the leading organization in development and manufacture of liquid propellant engines.

Automatic Chemical Machinery Design Bureau

Open Stock Company “Konstruktorskoe Buro Khimavtomatiky” (OSC KBKhA) is one of Russia’s leading design bureaus in the development of liquid propellant rocket engines and power plants for defense, research, and commercial rocketry.

Proton - Perm Motors

Founded in 1958, a special production for the manufacture of liquid rocket engines at the Perm Engine Plant № 19 named after Joseph Stalin, and from 1995 - Proton - Perm Motors is one of the largest aerospace companies in Russia and CIS

Pilyugin Research and Production Center of Automatics and Instrumentation

The Pilyugin Research and Production Center of Automatics and Instrumentation (Pilyugin Center) is a leading Russian company in development and manufacture of guidance, navigation and control systems for space rocket complexes.

Scientific-Production Association of Measuring Equipment

Company Scientific-Production Association of Measuring Equipment (NPO IT) - one of the leading Russian companies to develop, manufacture and maintenance of the telemetry system for rocket and space technology.

Space-Communication Ltd (Spacecom)

Spacecom provides broadcasting and communications services to DTH operators, TV broadcasters and programmers, government and corporate organizations, and VSAT network operators.

Thales Alenia Space

Today, Thales Alenia Space is the leading European supplier of satellite-based solutions for Defense and Security, with strong positions in both satellite and space and ground segments.

Возврат к списку



Предстоящий запуск Date: October 16, 2015
Launch Vehicle: Proton-M
Upper Stage: Breeze-M
Payload: Turksat 4B
Launch Site: Baikonur, Pad 200, Launcher 39



on 09.10.2015

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