Center for Operation of Space Ground-Based Infrastructure

Center for Operation of Space
Ground-Based Infrastructure

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Launch Services

ILV «Zenit-3SLBF» with US «Fregat-SB»
Works of Landfill Type and Deliveries

Technical Maintenance (the works with the objects of infrastructure)
Services for Space Activity
Deliveries of Space Facilities
Deliveries of Propellant Components
The insurance of space risks

- design and production of SRT
- transportation of SRT
- pre-launching procedure
- launch and injection of SV into orbit
- flight testing and operation of SC into orbit
Third Party insurance
Background

Payloads
The Launch Vehicles
The Upper Stage Booster
Launches

Luch-5A and AMOS-5 spacecrafts launch


lych-5a-2.jpg    
December 11, 2011 from Launch Complex 81 area Baikonur launched launch vehicle (ILV) Proton-M with the upper block (RB) Briz-M and a cluster of spacecraft (SC) Luch-5A and Amos -5.

At 15.26 GMT the staff was off the rocket motor third-stage separation and the head unit, which included RB Breeze-M spacecraft Luch-5A and Amos-5. With the cruise propulsion system head unit is displayed on the reference orbit.



lych-5a.jpg    
Luch-5A is an element of the Luch multi-purpose data relay system developed for the Russian space agency, Roscosmos, under the nation’s Federal Space Program.

The new relay satellite is designed and manufactured by Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems Co. in collaboration with the Russian space industry and foreign partners.

Luch-5A will retransmit data from low-flying spacecraft in altitudes of 2,000 kilometers above Earth’s surface or lower, including the International Space Station and primarily the lab’s Russian segment, as well as other space objects such as launch vehicles and upper stages.

Weighing approximately 950 kilograms, Luch-5A is built on Reshetnev’s Express-1000N unpressurized platform.

The satellite’s two 4.2 meter umbrella-shaped antennas are comprised of composite spikes covered with gold-plated flywire and fitted with precision tracking electromechanical actuators.

Luch-5A Specifications

Applications
Data relay
Customer
Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos)
Prime Contractor
Reshetnev ISS Co.
Orbit
GEO
Subsatellite Points
16° W, 95° E, 167° E
Launch Mass
950 kg
Design Lifetime
10 years
Earth Orientation Accuracy ±0,2°
Station Keeping ±0,2° Longitude, ±5° Latitude
Power 1500 W
Number of Transponders 7
Relay Bands Ku, S, L, P
Antennas
high-gain, steerable and omnidirectional
EIRP 23–59.6 dBW


AMOS-5



Amos-5.jpg    
AMOS-5 is a telecommunications satellite built by Russia’s Reshetnev Information Satellite Systems Co. for Space Communication Ltd., an Israeli satellite operator. The spacecraft will establish a new orbital position for Spacecom at 17° East, providing a full range of satellite services over Africa. Together with AMOS-2 and AMOS-3, co-located at the 4° West orbital hot spot, and AMOS-4 scheduled for launch in 2012 to serve Asia and Russia, AMOS-5 will enhance Spacecom’s satellite coverage over the Middle East and Europe, while adding the emerging African markets to its service portfolio.

The new satellite will support pan-African coverage, featuring a highpower C-band beam and three regional Ku-band beams. With multiple powerful transponders and an excellent vantage point, AMOS-5 will offer a variety of satellite communications services, including VSAT communications and broadband Internet, telephony, data trunking, direct-to-home broadcasting and video distribution.

Based on Reshetnev’s Express-1000N medium class platform, the AMOS-5 satellite will carry 18 C-Band and 18 Ku-Band transponders. The spacecraft will generate 5.6 kW of payload power during its 15-year service life. AMOS-5’s communications payload and antennas are supplied by Reshetnev’s long term partner Thales Alenia Space.

AMOS-5 Specifications

Applications
Communications
Orbit
GEO
Orbital Location
17° East
Operator Spacecom Ltd.
Prime Contractor
Reshetnev ISS Co.
Platform
Express-1000N
Launch Mass
about 1,600 kg
Mission Life
15 years
Bands C, Ku
Number of C-band Transponders 14x72 MHz, 4x36 MHz
Number of Ku-band Transponders
18x72 MHz
Coverage:
С-Band pan-African beam with access to Europe and the Middle East
Ku-Band 3 shaped African beams, with access to Europe and the Middle East
Power 5,6 kW


   
The modernized launch vehicle heavy-class Proton-M with high power and performance is designed to launch payloads into various earth orbits and escape trajectories.

External dimensions of the rocket (with the exception of the nose fairing), weighted for design, features a modernized missile engines remained virtually the same as that of the carrier rocket Proton-K. Modernization (replacement) was subjected to a control system. This change has improved both the energy and operational and environmental characteristics of new media (decrease nevyrabatyvaemyh residual components of rocket fuel in the exhaust stage, along with the introduction of emission remains at safe altitudes).

Booster Proton-M has a design-layout scheme tandem with a cross-division levels.

The family of
launch vehicle: Proton
Index: 8K82M
Class: Heavy
Type: Single
Developer: Salyut Design Bureau
Produced by: Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center

Number of stages: 4
Length: 42 340 mm
Diameter: 7400 mm
Launch mass: 700000 kg


Proton-M design-layout scheme

1 - fairing;
2 - payload;
3 - upper stage;
4 - oxidizer tank third stage;
5, 9, 15 - gargrot;
6 - fuel tank third stage;
7 - propulsion third stage;
8 - transitional compartment;
10 - oxidizer tank of the 2nd stage;
11 - tunnel tube pipe consumable oxidizer;
12 - fuel tank of the 2nd stage;
13 - powerplant 2nd stage;
14 - farm transition;
16 - power cone fuel tank of the 1st stage;
17 - oxidizer tank of the 1st stage;
18 - gauge GSS;
19 - fuel tank of the 1st stage;
20 - lower damping wall fuel tank of the 1st stage;
21 - rear compartment side of the block;
22 - powerplant 1st stage


   
To further improve heavy rocket capabilities for delivering payloads into a wide variety of target orbits, the Khrunichev Space Center has developed, tested and commissioned the Breeze-M upper stage.

The Breeze-M upper stage was flight tested in 1999 and proved a reliable and highly accurate system. The Breeze-M upper stage enables to deliver heavier payloads – up to 3.2 tons – to geostationary orbits.

The compact design of the upper stage includes a core section
surrounded by a toroidal auxiliary section of propellant tanks which is jettisoned in flight following depletion. The Breeze-M upper stage also includes a lower adapter that connects the stage with the payload fairing and the launch vehicle and is released in flight together with the third stage booster.

Major Breeze-M systems are:

• propulsion (with a hydraulic engine swing system);
• control;
• thermal conditioning;
• onboard measurement.

The 14D30 liquid propellant sustainer engine is mounted in a recess provided in the fuel tank of the core section. The engine can relight many times during flight. Low thrust liquid propellant engines use the same propellant as the main engine. These engines also control orientation and stabilization during unpowered flight and serve to settle the propellant in tanks as required for restarting the sustainer engine.

Installed in the equipment bay on top of the core section, the inertial control system is intended to control the Breeze-M and its on-board systems during flight. The Breeze-M upper stage accommodates the power supply system and avionics used for telemetry data reception and trajectory measurements.

Breeze-M upper stage based on structural materials with enhanced strength and mass characteristics, resulting from the Proton/Breeze-M third modification that includes:

• a lightweight power supply of 300 Ah;
• a lightweight power distribution unit;
• high-pressure tanks fueled alternately.

Breez-M design-layout drawing

1 - central unit;
2 - drop block additional tanks;
3 - tank oxidizer N2O4 (AT);
4 - UDMH fuel tank;
5 - tank of liquid helium;
6 - 14D30 rocket engine boosters;
7 - block thrusters


b1.jpg

b2.jpg

b4.jpg
    
The launch complex is designed to prepare for launch and launch rockets Proton-K and Proton-M with the various space reentry vehicles.

Launch Complex consists of two launch pads, integrated communications network, and the total for both sites of the complex structures that provide each of these compressed gases, water, electricity, refrigerants for temperature of the fuel components and spacecraft. Technological equipment of the launch complex delivers a rocket to space head part from the technical to the launch site, setting it on the starting device, an electric vehicle checks, fueling and launch vehicle upper stage with propellant components and compressed gases, a set of ready propulsion and rocket launches.

Building a launch pad provides sufficient autonomy of each launch pad.

Drive and launch pad, all the processes of preparation for the launch and missile launch vehicle designed with maximum safety of personnel and high environmental during the operation.

The composition of technological equipment of the launch complex consists of the following systems and tools:

• transport and the loading and starting equipment;
• facilities raketynositelya and the space head part;
• refueling facilities;
• automated control of technological ground equipment;
• means of temperature control;
• means of neutralizing the fumes and spills of rocket fuel components;
• A system of measurement;
• gas control systems;
• a system of fire protection technology;
• ground special current supply system;
• technical systems.

The basic structure of the launch complex:

• launching facilities;
• command posts;
• storage of propellant components and compressed gases;
• construction of temperature control;
• construction of the neutralization of vapors and spills of rocket fuel components;
• construction of the power supply system;
• station fire suppression systems;
• gas station.

Customers Launch




Federal Space Agency

The Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) is a governmental organization which manages space exploration activities for the national economy, science and engineering and implements the Russian Space Program.


Participants Launch




Information Satellite Systems – Reshetnev Company

Reshetnev ISS owns technologies of a full development cycle from satellite design to satellite control in all types of orbits, from low circular to geostationary.



Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center

Khrunichev has also built Proton launch vehicle, Salyut and Almaz manned orbital stations and all modules for the Mir orbital space system, as well as the modules integrated in the ISS – Zarya and Zvezda,



The Center for Ground-Based Space Infrastructure Facilities Operation

The Center for Ground-Based Space Infrastructure Facilities Operation (FGUP TsENKI) was established in 1994 to improve and develop Russia’s space infrastructure.



Yuzhny Space Center, TsENKI Division

Founded in 2009, the Yuzhny Space Center is a division of the Center for Ground-Based Space Infrastructure Facilities Operation (TsENKI) based on the organizations and facilities of Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.



Glushko Research and Production Association for Power Engineering

The Glushko Research and Production Association for Power Engineering (NPO Energomash) is the leading organization in development and manufacture of liquid propellant engines.



Automatic Chemical Machinery Design Bureau

KBKhA is one of Russia’s leading design bureaus in the development of liquid propellant rocket engines and power plants for defense, research, and commercial rocketry.



Proton - Perm Motors

Founded in 1958, a special production for the manufacture of liquid rocket engines at the Perm Engine Plant № 19 named after Joseph Stalin, and from 1995 - Proton - Perm Motors is one of the largest aerospace companies in Russia and CIS



Pilyugin Research and Production Center of Automatics and Instrumentation

The Pilyugin Research and Production Center of Automatics and Instrumentation (Pilyugin Center) is a leading Russian company in development and manufacture of guidance, navigation and control systems for space rocket complexes.



Scientific-Production Association of Measuring Equipment

Company Scientific-Production Association of Measuring Equipment (NPO IT) - one of the leading Russian companies to develop, manufacture and maintenance of the telemetry system for rocket and space technology.



Space-Communication Ltd (Spacecom)

Spacecom provides broadcasting and communications services to DTH operators, TV broadcasters and programmers, government and corporate organizations, and VSAT network operators.



Thales Alenia Space

Today, Thales Alenia Space is the leading European supplier of satellite-based solutions for Defense and Security, with strong positions in both satellite and space and ground segments.

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UPCOMING LAUNCH

Предстоящий запуск Date: September 26, 2014
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG
Payload: Soyuz TMA-14M
Launch Site: Baikonur, Pl. 1, Launcher 5



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