Center for Operation of Space Ground-Based Infrastructure

Center for Operation of Space
Ground-Based Infrastructure

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Launch Services

ILV «Zenit-3SLBF» with US «Fregat-SB»
Works of Landfill Type and Deliveries

Technical Maintenance (the works with the objects of infrastructure)
Services for Space Activity
Deliveries of Space Facilities
Deliveries of Propellant Components
The insurance of space risks

- design and production of SRT
- transportation of SRT
- pre-launching procedure
- launch and injection of SV into orbit
- flight testing and operation of SC into orbit
Third Party insurance
Background

Payloads
The Launch Vehicles
The Upper Stage Booster
Launches

Kosmos-2473 (Garpun) spacecraft launch


September 21, 2011 in 2 hours 47 minutes Moscow time, with 81 launch pad Baikonur Cosmodrome launch rocket Proton-M, which orbited the spacecraft for the Ministry of Defence.

9 minutes after liftoff Orbital unit in the spacecraft and upper stage Breez-M separated from the third stage carrier rocket Proton-M and began to autonomous flight.

Start rocket Proton-M and the removal of the upper stage from the spacecraft into the desired orbit were in normal mode. The satellite is assigned a serial number Kosmos-2473.



The satellite belongs to a series of Garpun spacecraft - military satellites, repeaters, set up to ensure speedy relay large volumes of digital data from satellites and electronic intelligence sverhdetalnogo specific observations on the ground receiving station in real time. Garpun spacecraft will replace a similar purpose to the Potok spacecraft that were part of the Global Space Command and the relay system of the USSR.


   
The modernized launch vehicle heavy-class Proton-M with high power and performance is designed to launch payloads into various earth orbits and escape trajectories.

External dimensions of the rocket (with the exception of the nose fairing), weighted for design, features a modernized missile engines remained virtually the same as that of the carrier rocket Proton-K. Modernization (replacement) was subjected to a control system. This change has improved both the energy and operational and environmental characteristics of new media (decrease nevyrabatyvaemyh residual components of rocket fuel in the exhaust stage, along with the introduction of emission remains at safe altitudes).

Booster Proton-M has a design-layout scheme tandem with a cross-division levels.

The family of
launch vehicle: Proton
Index: 8K82M
Class: Heavy
Type: Single
Developer: Salyut Design Bureau
Produced by: Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center

Number of stages: 4
Length: 42 340 mm
Diameter: 7400 mm
Launch mass: 700000 kg


Proton-M design-layout scheme

1 - fairing;
2 - payload;
3 - upper stage;
4 - oxidizer tank third stage;
5, 9, 15 - gargrot;
6 - fuel tank third stage;
7 - propulsion third stage;
8 - transitional compartment;
10 - oxidizer tank of the 2nd stage;
11 - tunnel tube pipe consumable oxidizer;
12 - fuel tank of the 2nd stage;
13 - powerplant 2nd stage;
14 - farm transition;
16 - power cone fuel tank of the 1st stage;
17 - oxidizer tank of the 1st stage;
18 - gauge GSS;
19 - fuel tank of the 1st stage;
20 - lower damping wall fuel tank of the 1st stage;
21 - rear compartment side of the block;
22 - powerplant 1st stage


   
To further improve heavy rocket capabilities for delivering payloads into a wide variety of target orbits, the Khrunichev Space Center has developed, tested and commissioned the Breeze-M upper stage.

The Breeze-M upper stage was flight tested in 1999 and proved a reliable and highly accurate system. The Breeze-M upper stage enables to deliver heavier payloads – up to 3.2 tons – to geostationary orbits.

The compact design of the upper stage includes a core section
surrounded by a toroidal auxiliary section of propellant tanks which is jettisoned in flight following depletion. The Breeze-M upper stage also includes a lower adapter that connects the stage with the payload fairing and the launch vehicle and is released in flight together with the third stage booster.

Major Breeze-M systems are:

• propulsion (with a hydraulic engine swing system);
• control;
• thermal conditioning;
• onboard measurement.

The 14D30 liquid propellant sustainer engine is mounted in a recess provided in the fuel tank of the core section. The engine can relight many times during flight. Low thrust liquid propellant engines use the same propellant as the main engine. These engines also control orientation and stabilization during unpowered flight and serve to settle the propellant in tanks as required for restarting the sustainer engine.

Installed in the equipment bay on top of the core section, the inertial control system is intended to control the Breeze-M and its on-board systems during flight. The Breeze-M upper stage accommodates the power supply system and avionics used for telemetry data reception and trajectory measurements.

Breeze-M upper stage based on structural materials with enhanced strength and mass characteristics, resulting from the Proton/Breeze-M third modification that includes:

• a lightweight power supply of 300 Ah;
• a lightweight power distribution unit;
• high-pressure tanks fueled alternately.

Breez-M design-layout drawing

1 - central unit;
2 - drop block additional tanks;
3 - tank oxidizer N2O4 (AT);
4 - UDMH fuel tank;
5 - tank of liquid helium;
6 - 14D30 rocket engine boosters;
7 - block thrusters


b1.jpg

b2.jpg

b4.jpg
    
The launch complex is designed to prepare for launch and launch rockets Proton-K and Proton-M with the various space reentry vehicles.

Launch Complex consists of two launch pads, integrated communications network, and the total for both sites of the complex structures that provide each of these compressed gases, water, electricity, refrigerants for temperature of the fuel components and spacecraft. Technological equipment of the launch complex delivers a rocket to space head part from the technical to the launch site, setting it on the starting device, an electric vehicle checks, fueling and launch vehicle upper stage with propellant components and compressed gases, a set of ready propulsion and rocket launches.

Building a launch pad provides sufficient autonomy of each launch pad.

Drive and launch pad, all the processes of preparation for the launch and missile launch vehicle designed with maximum safety of personnel and high environmental during the operation.

The composition of technological equipment of the launch complex consists of the following systems and tools:

• transport and the loading and starting equipment;
• facilities raketynositelya and the space head part;
• refueling facilities;
• automated control of technological ground equipment;
• means of temperature control;
• means of neutralizing the fumes and spills of rocket fuel components;
• A system of measurement;
• gas control systems;
• a system of fire protection technology;
• ground special current supply system;
• technical systems.

The basic structure of the launch complex:

• launching facilities;
• command posts;
• storage of propellant components and compressed gases;
• construction of temperature control;
• construction of the neutralization of vapors and spills of rocket fuel components;
• construction of the power supply system;
• station fire suppression systems;
• gas station.

Customers Launch




Federal Space Agency

The Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos) is a governmental organization which manages space exploration activities for the national economy, science and engineering and implements the Russian Space Program.



Air and Space Defense Forces

The Air and Space Defense Forces (ASDF) are a new military branch formed to ensure Russia’s air and space security.


Participants Launch




Information Satellite Systems – Reshetnev Company

Reshetnev ISS owns technologies of a full development cycle from satellite design to satellite control in all types of orbits, from low circular to geostationary.



Russian Institute of Space Device Engineering

Over the years in space exploration the Institute gained unique expertise in development, manufacture, and operation of different space and ground systems.



Khrunichev State Research and Production Space Center

Khrunichev has also built Proton launch vehicle, Salyut and Almaz manned orbital stations and all modules for the Mir orbital space system, as well as the modules integrated in the ISS – Zarya and Zvezda,



The Center for Ground-Based Space Infrastructure Facilities Operation

The Center for Ground-Based Space Infrastructure Facilities Operation (FGUP TsENKI) was established in 1994 to improve and develop Russia’s space infrastructure.



Yuzhny Space Center, TsENKI Division

Founded in 2009, the Yuzhny Space Center is a division of the Center for Ground-Based Space Infrastructure Facilities Operation (TsENKI) based on the organizations and facilities of Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.



Kosmotrans, TsENKI Division

Kosmotrans TsENKI Division provides rail transportation of launch vehicles, payload fairings, upper stages and propellant components at Baikonur, supplies cryogenic products (liquid oxygen and liquid nitrogen) for space rocket launches and compressed gases.



Korolev Rocket Space Corporation Energia

The Korolev Rocket Space Corporation Energia (RSC Energia) is Russia’s leading organization in development and operation of manned spacecraft, modern launch systems and specialpurpose satellite systems.



Glushko Research and Production Association for Power Engineering

The Glushko Research and Production Association for Power Engineering (NPO Energomash) is the leading organization in development and manufacture of liquid propellant engines.



Automatic Chemical Machinery Design Bureau

KBKhA is one of Russia’s leading design bureaus in the development of liquid propellant rocket engines and power plants for defense, research, and commercial rocketry.



Proton - Perm Motors

Founded in 1958, a special production for the manufacture of liquid rocket engines at the Perm Engine Plant № 19 named after Joseph Stalin, and from 1995 - Proton - Perm Motors is one of the largest aerospace companies in Russia and CIS



Pilyugin Research and Production Center of Automatics and Instrumentation

The Pilyugin Research and Production Center of Automatics and Instrumentation (Pilyugin Center) is a leading Russian company in development and manufacture of guidance, navigation and control systems for space rocket complexes.



Scientific-Production Association of Measuring Equipment

Company Scientific-Production Association of Measuring Equipment (NPO IT) - one of the leading Russian companies to develop, manufacture and maintenance of the telemetry system for rocket and space technology.


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UPCOMING LAUNCH

Предстоящий запуск Date: September 26, 2014
Launch Vehicle: Soyuz-FG
Payload: Soyuz TMA-14M
Launch Site: Baikonur, Pl. 1, Launcher 5



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